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The Wupatki main ruins visitor center had many native Arizona plants and cacti on the grounds.
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Apache Plume shrubs.
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Sand Sagebrush
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Banana Yucca
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Narrowleaf Yucca.
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Mormon Tea. When brewed, the plant acts as a stimulant.
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Prince's Plume.
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Fourwing Saltbush.
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Broom Snakeweed.
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Desert Globemallow.
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Stretchberry. The wood is so strong that a digging tool made from a large stick of it and fire-hardened might last forever.
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A type of banded lizard races to get away from Grandpa.
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Possibly a Western Whiptail lizard poses for Grandpa Roy.
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This Western Whiptail lizard thinks it is hiding from Grandpa Roy.
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Much of this part of Wupatki is covered with volcanic ash, yet desert plants still thrive.
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Grandpa Roy exploring Wupatki.
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Overview of the pueblo. This structure grew to 100 rooms during the 12th century A.D.
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Walls and roofs were added during the 1930s to this room and park rangers lived here. The "modern" walls and roofs were removed in the 1950s.
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Reconstructions were added to this room in the 1930s but removed in the 1950s. They had served during that period as an office and museum for the National Park Service.
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The natural rock allowed the residents to build fewer sides to some rooms.
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Common walls also sped up construction of rooms.
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It is believe this room was used to store emeregency grain for years when crops were poor. The stones (one is grey) would have been used to grind grains into flour.
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An innovative air circulation system allowed a fire to be built in this room. Smoke would exit through a hole in the roof. There was an opening in the cliff wall, which would have been in the far, lower right of this photo.
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The ball court may have been used for sports, trade with outside tribes, meetings or other functions. The inner part of the wall is a reconstruction.
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Grandma Bert's photo reveals just what is meant by the "inner wall."
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An overall view of the ball court.
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Near the ball court was this blowhole, a crevice in the earth's crust that appears to breathe. There is no proof the residents of Wupatki used the blowhole for anything, though they may have given them spiritual significance.